Eirik Østmo / Torger Grytå

VI seminar #40 – Hubs and Hypersphere: Reducing Hubness

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Hubs and Hypersphere: Reducing Hubness and Improving Transductive Few-Shot Learning with Hyperspherical Embeddings

Authors: (*denotes equal contribution) Daniel Trosten*, Rwiddhi Chakraborty*, Sigurd Lokse, Kristoffer Wickstrom, Robert Jenssen, Michael Kampffmeyer

Presenter: Rwiddhi Chakraborty, PhD student in the Machine learning group at UiT

Rwiddhi Chakraborty, Photo: Jonatan Ottesen

Abstract: Distance-based classification is frequently used in transductive few-shot learning (FSL). However, due to the high-dimensionality of image representations, FSL classifiers are prone to suffer from the hubness problem, where a few points (hubs) occur frequently in multiple nearest neighbour lists of other points. Hubness negatively impacts distance-based classification when hubs from one class appear often among the nearest neighbors of points from another class, degrading the classifier's performance. To address the hubness problem in FSL, we first prove that hubness can be eliminated by distributing representations uniformly on the hypersphere. We then propose two new approaches to embed representations on the hypersphere, which we prove optimize a trade off between uniformity and local similarity preservation - reducing hubness while retaining class structure. Our experiments show that the proposed methods reduce hubness, and significantly improves transductive FSL accuracy for a wide range of classifiers.

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